The World Island: Eurasian Geopolitics and the Fate of the by Alexandros Petersen

By Alexandros Petersen

The twentieth century was once ruled via 3 visions of Eurasian geopolitics: "The global Island," "Containment," and "Prometheism." the area Island: Eurasian Geopolitics and the destiny of the West posits a fourth imaginative and prescient of Eurasian geopolitics: the 21st-century Geopolitical procedure for Eurasia.Through an unique and accomplished research and synthesis of the tips of Sir Halford Mackinder, George Kennan, and Jozef Pilsudski, this name reestablishes basic Western strategic targets. It analyzes the nation of and strength for Western engagement with China, Afghanistan, Turkey, Russia, and different Eurasian states and units out what's at stake for the West within the Eurasian theater. selling a strong technique to additional and shield crucial Western values, the writer argues for the improvement of alternate and effort hyperlinks, coupled with the promoting of excellent governance and the facilitation of coverage independence, integration, and Western-orientation one of the Eurasian international locations.

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4 Nonetheless, he persisted to entertain a hope that it was possible for communism and capitalism to coexist in the world in relative peace. Yet while the foremost scions of capitalist development, the United States and Great Britain, had allowed the waters of their opposition to recede, the idea that the moneymaking culture that was an article of faith in the former, and the tradition of inherited station and wealth, as axiomatic in the latter, could contemplate with equanimity the tenets of Marxism, was probably misplaced.

And such was the potential power of the Rimland nations—Germany was already powerful, but Spykman recognized the potential of China and India too—that those places would necessarily need to be co-opted if containment of the Heartland was ever to be successful. Spykman’s analysis further diverged from that of Mackinder when he argued that history was not primarily a story of seapower contesting landpower, but rather a struggle between mixed seapower/landpower alliances to prevent domination of the Rimland.

Russia is still a superpower in terms of its nuclear arsenal if nothing else, still in control of the richest resources on earth with the possibility of adding to them in the Arctic, and most importantly with the ruthlessness to make the most of its assets in the geopolitical arena. Imitating Haushofer, academics in the Heartland nations themselves are now rediscovering Heartland theory in the Eurasianist school of foreign policy, so that we have a situation where both East and West acknowledge the validity of Mackinder’s theory, but find themselves diametrically opposed on the question of its realization.

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